NEW DELHI: The government is set to roll out the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna-Gramin — rural housing programme, after drawing up a list of beneficiaries based on the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011(SECC) data for a final verification at gram sabha level.
Officials said the list of beneficiaries under the programme, earlier called the Indira Awas Yojna, will be made public in each gram sabha on April 24 as part of BR Ambedkar’s 125th birth anniversary celebrations.
“The reliability of the SECC data will now face its actual test as we reveal to the households the names of all who are eligible for grants under the rural housing scheme,” a senior government official said.
The government has allocated Rs 15,000 crore to the programme for the current fiscal and increased payout per household to more than Rs 1.2 lakh from Rs 75,000 earlier, along with increasing area per home to 25 square metres from 22 sq metres.
All the rural development schemes now hinge on the SECC data for identifying the deserving beneficiaries. Launched in July 2015, the SECC is the first such exercise since 1932, carried door to door across rural and urban India in 24.39-crore households in 640 districts to study deprivation across 14 parameters.
The higher the deprivation score, the higher the ranking of the household for getting government assistance. If any gram sabha finds that a selection has been done on wrong facts, or a pucca house has been constructed since the survey was conducted, the name of such family will be deleted. Any objection to the list will be considered by a three-member appellate committee at the district level. At present, there is no system to add names to the list.
As per SECC data, 13% or 2.37 crore of rural houses have only one room, kuccha walls and kuccha roof.
The government has set a target of building three crore houses for rural poor in the next seven years. The numbers found in the SECC survey have been verified by selfhelp groups once already. The government had also invited objections to the findings of the data to be filed with each state government after the publication of the draft list.
The housing scheme will have linkages with Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or national cleanliness mission to ensure toilets in each house, with provision of an additional allocation of Rs 12,000 per household. This will be coupled with 90-day wage provided under the governments flagship rural jobs programme under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, adding another Rs 18,000 to each household.
The census generated information on 14 social and economic parameters including education, skills, housing, employment, health, nutrition, water, sanitation, social and gender mobilisation, and entitlement.
The exclusion criteria for households included ownership of motorised vehicle or boat, landline phone, more than 2.5 acres of irrigable land, Kisan Credit Card with over Rs 50,000 credit limit and income tax payee status in case of government employees.